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Implementing Trade Facilitation Initiatives under the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Program - Business Process Analysis Expert

Страновая программа/ План действий
Tender / Procurement notice
14 Фев 2020


14 Февраль 2020

Срок подачи

20 Февраль 2020


20 441 USD

Тип тендера

Индивидуальные консультанты


52123-001 Package Business Process Analysis Expert


ADB - Азиатский банк развития (АБР) , WTO - Всемирная торговая организация (ВТО)

Расчетная длительность

6 месяцы



Date Published: 14-Feb-2020 Deadline of Submitting EOI: 20-Feb-2020 11:59 PM Manila local time

Consultant Type Individual
Selection Method Individual Consultant Selection (ICS)
Source National
Technical Proposal Not Applicable

Selection Title Implementing Trade Facilitation Initiatives under the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Program

Package Name Business Process Analysis Expert

Advance Action No

Engagement Period 6 MONTH

Consulting Services Budget USD 23,000

Budget Type Estimated

Approval Number 9578
Approval Date 03-Sep-2018
Estimated Short-listing Date 24-Feb-2020
Estimated Commencement Date 15-Mar-2020
Open to non-Member Countries No

Additional Information

Possibility of contract extension Not known
Possibility of consideration for downstream assignment Not known

Country of assignment Bangladesh

Country of eligibility for national consultants Same as country of assignment

Contact Information

Project Officer Aileen H. Pangilinan
Designation Senior Regional Cooperation Officer
Asian Development Bank
Email apangilinan@adb.org


Primary Agency Country Agency Role Contact Person
Asian Development Bank Regional Executing Agency

Cost Estimate

Cost Items Amount in USD
Remuneration and Other Expenses
All activities and inputs in the TOR but not limited to remuneration, per diem, air travel, miscellaneous travel expenses, report preparation, production, and transmission, land transportation, communications, etc.19,941
Contingency 500



Terms of Reference (Individual Consultant)

Expertise Business Process Analysis
Expertise Group Economics/Financial Analysis
Consultant Source National
TOR Keywords Business Process Analysis

Objective and Purpose of the Assignment

The performance of Bangladesh in various global indices reflects improvements in its trade facilitation
environment, but it also indicates ample scope for further enhancement. To promote and facilitate
exports, and improve the quality of exports, the government formulated the Export Policy 2015–2018, and
signed 29 bilateral Trade and Investment Cooperation agreements. The impact of the export policy and
bilateral agreements, however, has yet to be realized because of slow, costly, unpredictable, and
insecure cross-border flow of trade. This is the result of inadequate infrastructure, insufficient use
of advanced technology in border operations, a shortage of human resources, and delays in introducing
new and complementary trade facilitation reforms, including the implementation of the WTO TFA. To comply
with the TFA and improve the environment for international trade, the government has identified 13 areas
that need external assistance.

Bangladesh ranks 168th out of 190 countries in the World Bank’s Doing Business survey, which is partly
the result of significant inefficiencies in border operations. Customs and other border clearance
operations are inefficient and costly because of poor facilities at border-crossing points, excessive
physical inspection of cargos, and time-consuming documentation processes. Modernizing customs and
improving trade and transport infrastructure are imperative in the current competitive trade
environment. In the World Bank’s logistics performance index, weakness is apparent in many areas of
Bangladesh’s global performance, notably in its customs operations and the quality of infrastructure.
Its overall logistics performance index score in 2018 was 2.58 out of 5, and its country ranking is
100th out of 160 countries. Insufficient public investment and lack of coordination by government
agencies have hindered the development of border infrastructure and clearance procedures to respond to
growing trade and demand.

The WTO TFA provides a regulatory framework for the release and clearance of goods, and freedom of
international transit, but Bangladesh has not yet formulated the necessary regulations for the freedom
of transit, pre-arrival processing of customs documents, for handling and clearing perishable goods and
for executing other reforms. While this increases the cost and time of border transactions, hampers TFA
compliance, and contributes to a high spoilage ratio, it is necessary to document the existing processes
and understanding the gaps before formulating new regulations.

Scope of Work

The consultant will map the international trade- and transit-related processes and practices at selected
land ports in Bangladesh, analyze their efficacy, identify bottlenecks and inefficiencies and propose
improvements or new workflows to streamline the flow of the cargo and information. The consultant
should document the proposed workflows in detail with justification of the benefits and efficiencies
expected to the relevant authorities and prepare a plan with timelines, key recommendations and
performance indicators for smooth implementation. The consultant will also support for National Board of
Revenue to conduct studies at the selected land ports in Bangladesh on the time taken for cargo
clearance, in line with international best practices, and prepare a report.

Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output

The resource person is expected to work intermittently for 66 days within the period 15 March – 31 August 2020. Topics to be covered include:

(i) Review the current cargo handling procedures and regulations in the report of the National Board of Revenue, Bangladesh, if it exists;
(ii) Review the domestic laws, regulations and other trade-related formalities, and identify the points
of inefficiency and complexity in the port- and trade-related practices including in both Business-to-
Government and Business-to- Business procedures and evaluate the gaps in comparison to the relevant international best practices;
(iii) Conduct business process analysis on land port operations and import and export procedures for cargo in line with well-recognized international standards to identify bottlenecks;
(iv) Evaluate the application of information technology by the customs, land port operator, freight
forwarders, customs brokers, and other stakeholders, assess their challenges and constrains to apply
information technology, and identify the extent of paper-based submission of documents, and the specific processes accomplished with such documentation in cargo handling;
(v) Identify the government agencies and other stakeholders which regulate and/or supervise the above processes, and consult with them on improving the efficiency of these processes;
(vi) Summarize the information flow, operation processes, and interoperability of the systems among the
major land port users. Identify bottlenecks in operation, deficiency in application of information technology and optimization of processes. Clarify the proportions of electric and paper-based submission in each process and delays due to the paper-based submission;
(vii) Prepare possible new business process, and list institutional and operational issues to be addressed for realization of the new processes;
(viii) Incorporate recommendations to address the bottlenecks and inefficiencies identified in the relevant time release study;
(ix) Conduct workshops for the stakeholders to debrief the results of the analysis, and collect comments from them; and
(x) Prepare the final report of the study, incorporating the comments collected through the workshops
and with an implementation plan with timelines, key recommendations and performance indicators.

Minimum Qualification Requirements

The expert should have Master’s degree in trade, engineering, transport, port management or related
subject. Fluent English language skill in writing, listening, and speaking. At least 10 years
experiences in maritime, trade facilitation, transport-related sectors as a consultant, a government
official, administration/management staff of terminal operator, or like, with direct international
experiences. An experience in business process analysis, time release study or any other procedural
analysis is preferred.

Minimum General Experience 15 Years
Minimum Specific Experience (relevant to assignment) 10 Years
Regional/Country Experience Desired

Schedule and Places of Assignment (chronological and inclusive of travel)

Schedule Type Intermittent
Max. Working Days/Week Home Office 5 Field 6

City and Country Working Days Estimated Start Date Estimated End Date
Home Office, Other 66 15-Mar-2020 31-Aug-2020

Total 66

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